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Tenerife offered the resistance that is toughest to the Spaniards. In May 1493 de Lugo landed on Tenerife, together with 1000 infantry soldiers and a cavalry of 150, one of them Guanches from Gran Canaria and La Gomera.

The spaniards fortified their positions and attempted talks with several of the nine menceys, managing to win over those of Güímar and Anaga in the ensuing months. Bencomo, mencey of Tahoro and sworn enemy associated with invaders, had been certain of the support of at the very least three other menceys, while the staying three wavered.

In the springtime for the year that is following de Lugo sent a column westwards. This proved a disaster. Bencomo was waiting in ambush into the Barranco de Acentejo ravine. The Spanish force ended up being decimated at a place now called La Matanza de Acentejo (Slaughter of Acentejo). De Lugo then thought better for the operation that is whole left Tenerife.

By the end of the year he was back to practice the second major battle of the campaign – at Los Angeles Laguna on 14 November 1494. Right here he had greater success, however the Guanches were far from beaten and de Lugo fell back again to Santa Cruz. A plague known as the modorra began to ravage the island at the beginning of the New Year. It barely did actually affect the Spaniards but quickly took a serious toll on the Guanches.

On 25 December 1494, 5000 Guanches under Bencomo were routed into the battle that is second of Acentejo. The location, just a few kilometres south of Los Angeles Matanza, remains called La Victoria (Victory) today. By the next July, when de Lugo marched into the Valle de la Orotava to confront Bencomo’s successor, Bentor, the diseased and demoralised Guanches were in no state to resist. Bentor surrendered and the conquest was complete. Pouches of resistance took two years to mop up, and Bentor ultimately committed suicide.
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5. whilst the yellow-green bird with brown streaking on its back is indigenous to the Canary Islands, the islands’ name is perhaps not regarding the bird.
Dogs figure prominently into the Islands Coat that is canary of. Image by Heralder.

Dogs figure prominently to the Islands Coat that is canary of. Image by Heralder.

6. The title Islas Canarias thought to originate from the Latin name Canariae Insulae, meaning “Islands regarding the Dogs.” This name had been applied to the islands because they had “vast multitudes of large dogs”. These alleged “dogs” may have been a species of seals as “sea dog” was a term that is latin “seal.” Or, the Canaries dog-association could be from the islands inhabitants that are original practice of worshiping dogs.
A type of a Gallotia, an extinct reptile at Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre in Tenerife, Canary Islands. Photo by Ghedoghedo.

A type of a Gallotia, an extinct reptile at Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre in Tenerife, Canary Islands. Photo by Ghedoghedo.

7. Before the arrival of humans, the Canary Islands were home to now-extinct types of giant lizards and rats that are giant. The Gallotia giant lizard types is thought to own reached three feet in total.
A Spanish galleon, or large ship powered entirely by wind, using sails continued three or four masts.

A galleon that is spanish or big ship powered completely by wind, utilizing sails continued three to four masts.

8. During the time of the Spanish Empire, the Canaries were the stopover that is main Spanish galleons on their way to the Americas. These big ships, powered only by wind, sailed south to catch the prevailing northeasterly trade winds to hold them to your Americas from Europe.